CAUSA

Colombian Alliance in the United States of America

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Nuevo examen de Ciudadania USA

October 28th, 2008 · 1 Comment

EXAMEN DE CIUDADANIA (NUEVA VERSION)

 

NOTAS:

1.     El examen que a continuación se muestra es la nueva versión que el Servicio de Inmigración empezara a  practicar a partir de Octubre de 2008 para aquellos aplicantes que presenten la solicitud de ciudadanía en  Octubre 1, 2008 o después.

2.     La muestra a continuación tiene las posibles respuestas que durante el examen se pueden responder

3.     Si usted tiene 65 años y ha sido residente permanente  de los Estados Unidos por 20 años o mas, solo tendrá que estudiar las 20 preguntas que tienen un asterisco (*) y están en rojo. Podrá hacerlo en español y por eso se muestran traducidas


 

 

A: Principles of American Democracy

1. What is the supreme law of the land?

the Constitution

2. What does the Constitution do?

sets up the government

defines the government

protects basic rights of Americans

3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

We the People

4. What is an amendment?

a change (to the Constitution)

an addition (to the Constitution)

5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

the Bill of Rights

6. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*

speech

religion

assembly

press

petition the government


TRADUCCION:

6. Marque un (1) derecho a; o una libertad de que la primera enmienda a la Constitución garantiza?

·         Expresión

·         Religión

·         Reunión

·         Prensa

·         Peticiones al gobierno

 

     7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?

▪ twenty-seven (27)

8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?

▪ announced our independence (from Great Britain)

▪ declared our independence (from Great Britain)

▪ said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

▪ life

▪ liberty

▪ pursuit of happiness

10. What is freedom of religion?

▪ You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

11. What is the economic system in the United States?*

▪ capitalist economy

▪ market economy

TRADUCCION

11. Cual es el sistema economico de los Estados Unidos?

·         Economia Capitalista

·         Economia de mercado

12. What is the “rule of law”?

▪ Everyone must follow the law.

▪ Leaders must obey the law.

▪ Government must obey the law.

▪ No one is above the law.

B: System of Government

13. Name one branch or part of the government.*

▪ Congress

▪ legislative

▪ President

▪ executive

▪ the courts

▪ judicial

TRADUCCION

13. Marque una de las ramas o partes del gobierno

·         Congreso

·         Legislativo

·         Presidente

·         Ejecutivo

·         Las Cortes

·         Judicial

14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

▪ checks and balances

▪ separation of powers

15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?

▪ the President

16. Who makes federal laws?

▪ Congress

▪ Senate and House (of Representatives)

▪ (U.S. or national) legislature

17. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?*

▪ the Senate and House (of Representatives)

TRADUCCION


 

17. Cuales son las dos partes del Congreso de Estados Unidos

·         El Senado y la Camara de Representantes

 

18. How many U.S. Senators are there?

▪ one hundred (100)

19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

▪ six (6)

20. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators?*

Answers will vary. [For District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories, the answer is that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

TRADUCCION

20. Nombre uno de los Senadores de su Estado.

La respuesta puede variar en el nombre del Senador o si vive en Washington DC o en un Territorio Adjunto, estos no tienen Senadores

21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

▪ four hundred thirty-five (435)

22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

▪ two (2)

23. Name your U.S. Representative.

▪ Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]

24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

▪ all people of the state

25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

▪ (because of) the state’s population

▪ (because) they have more people

▪ (because) some states have more people

26. We elect a President for how many years?

▪ four (4)

27. In what month do we vote for President?*

▪ November

TRADUCCION

27. En cual mes es la votación para elegir Presidente?

·         Noviembre

28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?*

▪ George W. Bush

▪ George Bush

▪ Bush

TRADUCCION

28. Cual es el nombre del actual Presidente de los Estados Unidos?

·         George W. Bush

·         George Bush

·         Bush

29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

▪ Richard Cheney

▪ Dick Cheney

▪ Cheney

30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Vice President

31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

▪ the Speaker of the House

32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

▪ the President


 

 

33. Who signs bills to become laws?

▪ the President

34. Who vetoes bills?

▪ the President

35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?

▪ advises the President

36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?

▪ Secretary of Agriculture

▪ Secretary of Commerce

▪ Secretary of Defense

▪ Secretary of Education

▪ Secretary of Energy

▪ Secretary of Health and Human Services

▪ Secretary of Homeland Security

▪ Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

▪ Secretary of Interior

▪ Secretary of State

▪ Secretary of Transportation

▪ Secretary of Treasury

▪ Secretary of Veterans’ Affairs

▪ Secretary of Labor

▪ Attorney General

37. What does the judicial branch do?

▪ reviews laws

▪ explains laws

▪ resolves disputes (disagreements)

▪ decides if a law goes against the Constitution

38. What is the highest court in the United States?

▪ the Supreme Court

39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

▪ nine (9)

40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States?

▪ John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)

41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?

▪ to print money

▪ to declare war

▪ to create an army

▪ to make treaties


 

 

42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?

▪ provide schooling and education

▪ provide protection (police)

▪ provide safety (fire departments)

▪ give a driver’s license

▪ approve zoning and land use

43. Who is the Governor of your state?

▪ Answers will vary. [Residents of the District of Columbia and U.S. territories without a Governor should say “we don’t have a Governor.”]

44. What is the capital of your state?*

▪ Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.]

TRADUCCION

44. Cual es la capital de su Estado

La respuesta puede variar según el estado donde viva el aplicante, y el DC no es un estado y no tiene capital y para los residentes de territorios asociados pueden nombrar la capital de su territorio

45. What are the two major political parties in the United States?*

▪ Democratic and Republican

TRADUCCION

45. Cuales son los dos principales partidos politicos en los Estados Unidos?

Demócrata y Republicano

 

46. What is the political party of the President now?

▪ Republican (Party)

47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

▪ (Nancy) Pelosi

C: Rights and Responsibilities

48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.

▪ Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).

▪ You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.

▪ Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)

▪ A male citizen of any race (can vote).

49. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?*

▪ serve on a jury

▪ vote

TRADUCCION

49. Cual es una responsabilidad que es solo de los ciudadanos de los Estados Unidos?

·         Servir de jurado

·         votar

·          

50. What are two rights only for United States citizens?

▪ apply for a federal job

▪ vote

▪ run for office

▪ carry a U.S. passport

51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?

▪ freedom of expression

▪ freedom of speech

▪ freedom of assembly

▪ freedom to petition the government

▪ freedom of worship

▪ the right to bear arms


 

 

52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

▪ the United States

▪ the flag

53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

▪ give up loyalty to other countries

▪ defend the Constitution and laws of the United States

▪ obey the laws of the United States

▪ serve in the U.S. military (if needed)

▪ serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)

▪ be loyal to the United States

54. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?*

▪ eighteen (18) and older

TRADUCCION

54. Cual es la edad mínima para votar por Presidente?

·         Diez y  ocho años (18)

 

55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?

▪ vote

▪ join a political party

▪ help with a campaign

▪ join a civic group

▪ join a community group

▪ give an elected official your opinion on an issue

▪ call Senators and Representatives

▪ publicly support or oppose an issue or policy

▪ run for office

▪ write to a newspaper

56. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?*

▪ April 15

TRADUCCION

56. Cual es el último día en que usted puede enviar su declaración de impuestos al IRS?

·         Abril 15

57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?

▪ at age eighteen (18)

▪ between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)

AMERICAN HISTORY

A: Colonial Period and Independence

58. What is one reason colonists came to America?

▪ freedom

▪ political liberty

▪ religious freedom

▪ economic opportunity

▪ practice their religion

▪ escape persecution


 

 

 

59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?

▪ Native Americans

▪ American Indians

60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

▪ Africans

▪ people from Africa

61. Why did the colonists fight the British?

▪ because of high taxes (taxation without representation)

▪ because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)

▪ because they didn’t have self-government

62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

▪ (Thomas) Jefferson

63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

July 4, 1776

64. There were 13 original states. Name three.

New Hampshire

Massachusetts

Rhode Island

Connecticut

New York

New Jersey

Pennsylvania

Delaware

Maryland

Virginia

North Carolina

South Carolina

Georgia

65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

▪ The Constitution was written.

▪ The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.

66. When was the Constitution written?

▪ 1787

67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.

▪ (James) Madison

▪ (Alexander) Hamilton

▪ (John) Jay

▪ Publius


 

 

68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for

▪ first Postmaster General of the United States

▪ writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac” ?

U.S. diplomat

▪ oldest member of the Constitutional Convention

▪ started the first free libraries

69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?

▪ (George) Washington

70. Who was the first President?*

▪ (George) Washington

TRADUCCION

70. Quien fue el primer Presidente?

·         (George) Washington

1800’s

71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

▪ the Louisiana Territory

Louisiana

72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

▪ War of 1812

▪ Mexican-American War

▪ Civil War

▪ Spanish-American War

73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

▪ the Civil War

▪ the War between the States

74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.

▪ slavery

▪ economic reasons

▪ states’ rights

75. What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?*

▪ freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)

▪ saved (or preserved) the Union

▪ led the United States during the Civil War

TRADUCCION

75. Diga una cosa importante que Abraham Lincoln hizo

·         Liberacion de los Esclavos (Proclama de la Emancipacion)

·         Salvar (o preservar) la Union.

·         Liderar (ser Presidente) los Estados Unidos durante la Guerra Civil

 

76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

▪ freed the slaves

▪ freed slaves in the Confederacy

▪ freed slaves in the Confederate states

▪ freed slaves in most Southern states

77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?

▪ fought for women’s rights

▪ fought for civil rights


 

 

C: Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information

78. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.*

▪ World War I

▪ World War II

▪ Korean War

▪ Vietnam War

▪ (Persian) Gulf War

TRADUCCION

78. Diga una Guerra peleada por los Estadoa Unidos en los 1900s

·         Primera Guerra Mundial

·         Segunda Guerra Mundial

·         Guerra de Corea

·         Guerra de Vietnam

·         Guerra del Golfo Persico

79. Who was President during World War I?

▪ (Woodrow) Wilson

80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

▪ (Franklin) Roosevelt

81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?

Japan, Germany, and Italy

82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

▪ World War II

83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

▪ Communism

84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

▪ civil rights (movement)

85. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?*

▪ fought for civil rights

▪ worked for equality for all Americans

TRADUCCION

85. Que hizo Martin Luther King Jr.?

·         Luchar por los derechos civiles

·         Trabajar la igualdad de los derechos civiles

86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?

▪ Terrorists attacked the United States.

87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.

[Adjudicators will be supplied with a complete list.]

▪ Cherokee

▪ Navajo

▪ Sioux

▪ Chippewa

▪ Choctaw

Pueblo

▪ Apache

▪ Iroquois

▪ Creek

▪ Blackfeet

▪ Seminole

Cheyenne

▪ Arawak

Shawnee

▪ Mohegan

▪ Huro


 

Oneida

▪ Lakota

▪ Crow

▪ Teton

▪ Hopi

▪ Inuit

INTEGRATED CIVICS

A: Geography

88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.

Missouri (River)

Mississippi (River)

89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

▪ Pacific (Ocean)

90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

Atlantic (Ocean)

91. Name one U.S. territory.

Puerto Rico

U.S. Virgin Islands

American Samoa

Northern Mariana Islands

Guam

92. Name one state that borders Canada.

Maine

New Hampshire

Vermont

New York

Pennsylvania

Ohio

Michigan

Minnesota

North Dakota

Montana

Idaho

Washington

Alaska

93. Name one state that borders Mexico.

California

Arizona

New Mexico

Texas


 

 

94. What is the capital of the United States?*

Washington, D.C.

TRADUCCION

94. Cual es la capital de los Estados Unidos?

Washington, D.C

95. Where is the Statue of Liberty?*

New York (Harbor)

Liberty Island

[Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).]

TRADUCCION

95. Donde esta la Estatua de la Libertad?

New York (Harbor)

Liberty Island

[También se acepta New Jersey, cerca a New York City, o en el Rio Hudson.]

B: Symbols

96. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

▪ because there were 13 original colonies

▪ because the stripes represent the original colonies

97. Why does the flag have 50 stars?*

▪ because there is one star for each state

▪ because each star represents a state

▪ because there are 50 states

TRADUCCION

97. Porque la bandera tiene 50 estrellas?

·         Porque hay una estrella por cada estado

·         Porue cada estrella representa un Estado

·         Porque hay 50 Estados

98. What is the name of the national anthem?

▪ The Star-Spangled Banner

C: Holidays

99. When do we celebrate Independence Day?*

▪ July 4

TRADUCCION

99. Cuando se celebra el Dia de Independencia?

·         Julio 4

100. Name two national U.S. holidays.

▪ New Year’s Day

▪ Martin Luther King, Jr., Day

▪ Presidents’ Day

▪ Memorial Day

▪ Independence Day

▪ Labor Day

▪ Columbus Day

▪ Veterans Day

▪ Thanksgiving

▪ Christmas


Tags: Inmigración · Actualidad

1 response so far ↓

  • 1 Lucecita // Aug 18, 2009 at 3:18 pm

    Soy colombiana, casada con ciudadano americano hace 4 años aproximadamente. Tengo derecho a reclamar una visa de ciudadania??
    gracias.

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